AbstractThis paper presents the results of an experimental investigation of fatigue response of stainless steel SS 304 L(N) and SS 316 L(N) using cyclic ball indentation test method. A Tungsten Carbide (WC) spherical ball of 1.57 mm diameter is used for applying compression-compression fatigue cycling on the test specimen having a nominal thickness of 5 mm; the displacement response is monitored as a function of every cycle of loading. The study focused on cases where the stainless steel specimens were welded by two different welding processes – Activated flux TIG welding and conventional multi-pass TIG welding. Fatigue response was monitored at locations of weld zone, heat affected zone (HAZ) and base metal to identify the effect of microstructure variation on fatigue response. It is observed that there is a steady increase in depth of penetration of the spherical indenter due to fatigue cycling; however, after a number of cycles, there is a sudden increase in depth of penetration which indicates the failure of the material beneath the indenter. The specimens after cyclic ball indentation were examined using a scanning electron microscope and one could observe the presence of secondary cracking in the penetrated region of the specimen.